Let’s give this one last try:
1. Between China and Kazakhstan, has Lake Sary-Chelek, trying to spell it is the problem.
2. Transcontinental Presidential Republic, Maiden’s Tower and Khan’s Palace, May good to visit.
3. French control from 1843, name not listed, expensive, island good to visit in September.
4. Borders Burkina Faso, claimed by France 1893, trade route, now independent.
5. Formerly the Ellice Islands, British protectorate between 1892 and 1916, land barely above water level.